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Monday, January 28, 2013

Role of different NGO’S of Rajshahi in dealing with ADR


NGO means Non-Governmental organization. The development of a country depends upon the activities of a state government. But in the mediation development is not possible only by the activities of the Govt. The Non-government organization is doing a lot of amazing activities for development of a static[1].
NGO plays role in the legal sectors a for awareness of the citizens a development of the peoples status. In Bangladesh, the most concerning NGOs are MLAA (Madaripur legal Aid Association), BLAST (Bangladesh legal Aid a service Trust) BNALA (Bangladesh national woman Lawyer’s Association) etc. In this research the containing issue of ADR Activities in Rajshahi: comparative study, the researcher will concern in role of NGO, prominent in their ADR activities in Rajshahi. Among them-BLAST, BNWLA, are very much active in ADR activities in Rajshahi. Now, the Researcher will forms role of the Blast & BNWLA in Rajshahi.

BLAST
BLAST, the Bangladesh legal Aid services Trust (BLAST) is a NGO, has been registered in 1993 as a NGO which provides the legal assistance to poor people in the aspect of fundamental rights or other statutory rights through the Judicial Systems as well as quasi-judicial or alternative way. It aims to ensure opportunities for securing justice backward reaction. BLAST involves in PIL, rural mediation legislative advocate and for protecting women workers economic rights. It also gives legal aid clinics as part of its legal literary & legal aid service. The main activities have done by BLAST through legal aid by the process of ADR activities or by alternative dispute resolution method. From the case studies or piratical method there is a clear knowledge about the ADR activities of NGOs in Rajshahi.
ADR activities of BLAST in Rajshahi are done on two categories of beneficiaries. For people from the middle class a above BLAST conducts arbitration for settling disputes and for those coming from a less fortunate economic background mediation services are made available. BLAST prods to assists in the sentiment of the confect. It settled through arbitration methods where the demand of the parties being quite specific, where the people in a dispute issue has lack of legal knowledge and demand is unclear them mediation services are highly effective.

Disposed suits in the month of December, 2011 through the Bangladesh Legal Aid Services and Trust Rajshahi Unit[1].
S.N.
Reg. & Date
Plaintiff
Defendant
Nature of Allegation
Salish No. (with date) Number of sittings & Date of Salish
Type of Settlement
Settlement Date
Output of Salish & Amount of recovery money
1.
31/263/2011
15.05.2011
Mst. Firoza Begum
Md. Rafiqul
Family matters
175/2011
31.05.11
15.06.11
07.07.11
25.07.11
10.08.11
08.09.11
02.10.11
15.11.11
30.11.11
01.12.11
Dower & Maintenance
01.12.11
Through office
Execution of divorce,
Amonut of dower money & maintenance  TK.15000
2.
68/560/2011
25.11.11
Mst.  Morzina
Md. Abu Bakar Siddque
Dowry
374/2011
16.11.11
01.12.11
Mutual
01.12.11
Through office
Continuation of marital relation
3.
73/565/2011
26.10.11
Mst. Sahana
Md. Imran Hossain
Criminal
377/2011
17.11.11
04.12.11
Others
04.12.11
Through office
Mother shall be the cusdian of her 13 years daughter
4.
41/615/20111
22.11.11
Mst. Salma
Md. Sohel Rana
Dowry
404/2011
11.12.11
mutual
11.12.11
Through office
Parties shall continue their marital relation with children
Maintenance money TK. 100 per day
5.
52/526/2011
29.11.11
Mst. Mina Begum
Md. Abdus Sattar
Criminal

414/2011
15.12.11
Others

15.12.11
Through office
Maintaining their good relation
6.
33/607/2011
20.11.11
Mst. Sikha Yasmin
Md. Zahangir Hossain
Dowry
398/2011
04.12.11
19.12.11
Mutual

19.12.11
Through office
Maintaining their marital relation & payment of maintenance duly
7.
08/638/2011
05.12.11
Mst. Kohinur
Md. Nobirul
Family matters
421/2011
21.12.11
Mutual
21.12.11
Through office
Wife will oblige her husband
8.
02/576/2011
02.11.11
Mst. Somanta Ban
Md. Sukur
Family matters
382/2011
22.12.11
Mutual
22.12.11
Through office
Full status of wife & payment of due maintenance TK.1500
9.
25/599/2011
16.11.11
Mst. Sadina
Md. Parveza Shekh
Dowry

392/2011
28/.11.11
14.12.11
27.12.11
Mutual
27.12.11
Through office
Husband shall not torture his wife
10.
17/591/2011
15.11.11
Mst. Delowara
Abdul Mannan
Dowry
388/2011
30.11.11
15.12.11
28.12.11
Divorce & payment of dower and maintenance
28.12.11
Through office
Break-up their relation & payment of dower and maintenance cost TK. 35000.


BNWLA
BNWLA is a one of the renounce NGO in Bangladesh. The elaboration “BNWLA” is Bangladesh National woman Lawyer’s Association. It is NGO which has established in.  
In Briefly, BNWLA has three categories program approach. These are PPR. That merges.
  • 1st P = Protection
  • 2nd P = Prevention
  • 3rdly P = Rehabilitation
ADR Activities are inhered with the 2nd “P” that means with in the preventive activities by the BNWLA Among the different Criteria to deal preventive activities there are some activities, such as- 
(i)                 Conduct awareness
(ii)               Assist community by partners to get access to informal and formal Justice System.
(iii)             Sensitize people through mass media.
In the aspect of (iii) The BNWLA assist community to get access of informal Justice System through ADR Activities.
BNWLA believes to ensure Justice; the survivors should be brought under a system friendly to women and children. In the year 2007, BNWLA has received 6676 Cognizable offense through shalish. Mediation or Alternative Dispute resolution (ADR) and accordingly a total of 484 complaints were resolved through mediation. But when they failed to resolve the complaint through mediation then the lawyers filed the case. The approach is to give priority to mediation and once it failed then the case is being filed. The Graph II shows distribution of cases by mature of violence. During the reporting period the organization has filed a total of 614 cases where 120 cases were filed directly by the partner organization with the help of the clinic lawyers. Out of these cases 329 were criminal in nature while 285 were civil in nature.
BNWLA, has bun playing the role of catalyst through capacity building by providing training on “Shalish”, “Mediation”, “Fact finding” a “Paralegal”.

[1] This report  has collected from the office of BLAST, Rajshahi Unit




[1] Halim, Md. Abdul, ADR in Bangladesh: Issues and Challenges, 2nd Edition (January, 2011), CCB Foundation, p.164

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